This article focuses on five important closed adoption facts. How do you know if a closed adoption is right for your baby? Below we have created a list of the most common closed adoption facts to help you make the best decision for your circumstances.
Adoptions tend to fall into two categories: “open adoptions” or “closed adoptions.”
Definition: a closed adoption refers to an adoption where the birth mother and adopting parents don’t know each other’s identities and there is no contact between them. Following are five closed adoption facts.
Fact #1 – Closed adoption involves no contact with the adopting family before the baby is born
In a closed adoption, the birth mother typically allows an adoption agency to choose the adoptive parents for her. She will not have any information about the family who is adopting her baby. In a closed adoption, there is no contact with the adoptive family before the baby is born.
Fact #2 – There is no future contact with the adoptive family in a closed adoption
Generally, it is not possible to have contact with the family or baby in the future in a closed adoption. Birth mothers are not required to provide their contact information to the adoptive family. However, it is possible to provide this information in case a birth mother wants future contact. Even if the birth mother provides contact information, the adoptive family is not required to contact the birth mother for any reason. This includes if they divorce or one of them dies or if either remarries and gets custody of the child.
Fact #3 – You cannot share ongoing medical information
If you do not share contact information with the adoptive family, they cannot request medical information from you moving forward. You also will not get medical information from them regarding your child. This information could be important when diagnosing and preventing illness.
Fact #4 – Privacy is the main benefit of a closed adoption
If you feel the need for privacy, that is the main benefit of a closed adoption. The adoptive family cannot contact you without your prior consent. Similarly, your child will not contact you in the future. Also, any children you have now, or in the future, will not have contact with the sibling who was adopted. However, adoptees may find their biological families today using new DNA technologies and social media.
Fact #5 – Studies show that closed adoption isn’t always best for the child
There are some drawbacks to a closed adoption that effect the birth mother and the adoptee. Here are a few:
- Birth parents might change their mind in the future and want contact
- Uncertainty about how the baby is doing may cause depression and anxiety
- Knowing the child is happy and thriving can help with processing grief and loss
- Not knowing their birth parents can lead to a feeling of loneliness and lower self-esteem for a child
- Many adoptees feel a piece is missing when they don’t know any information about their biological family
What I think
I want you to understand the closed adoption facts so you can make the best decision for your baby.
I have an open adoption with my son and his family. It has worked out so well for all of us that I am definitely an advocate of open adoption. Open adoption offers flexibility for each individual situation. I have watched my son grow through photos and updates. We met for the first time after he was born when he was 7 but only because I wanted to. I didn’t meet him again until he was 20. His parents are very respectful about boundaries.
Some birth mothers are afraid of their adopted child will find them one day. They are afraid the won’t want contact at that time. However, in an open adoption, you will have more control over that relationship from the beginning. This includes control over contact, so there is less of a chance that they will contact you out of the blue. Many women choose open adoption after they learn closed adoption facts.
I also encourage you to take a look at open vs closed adoption. Feel free to contact me with any questions you have.